The fourth feast mentioned in the scriptures is
called the Feast of Weeks (shauvot). This
feast is the next feast after the Feast of Passover,
Unleavened Bread, and First Fruits. If you
have not read my article on these feasts please
click here and
read it first. The Feast of Weeks is a
celebration of the wheat harvest.
Counting the Weeks:
the end of the Passover week a countdown to the
Feast of Weeks begins. The Feast of Weeks
starts the day after the seventh Sabbath from the
Feast of First Fruits. To determine when the
Feast of Weeks is we must first determine the day of
the Feast of First Fruits. The First Fruits
during the Passover Week falls on, "the morrow
after the Sabbath" during the Passover Week
(Lev. 23:11, 15). This is the weekly Sabbath
(Saturday) and not the Holy Day Assembly. We
know this because the word for Sabbath is
shabbâth, which means, "intermission, that
is, (specifically) the Sabbath" (Strong's
Dictionary - H7676). This is most often used
of the seventh day Sabbath. However, though
this word can be used for a Holyday Sabbath, the
context is that of counting to the seventh Sabbath
for the Feast of Weeks. We can conclude that
the Sabbath referred to here is the seventh day
Sabbath during the week of Passover. If you
counted from any other day, seven Sabbath's would
not be fifty days.
Whenever the weekly Sabbath occurs during the feast
of Passover, we are to count seven Sabbaths from
that day. The day after the seventh Sabbath is
the Feast of Weeks (Lev.23:16). This will
always fall on the first day of the week (Sunday),
which is why the Greek word for the Feast of Weeks
is Pentecost (pentēkostē), which means
"fiftieth" (Strong's Dictionary - G4005).
The Feast of Weeks is exactly fifty days from the
weekly Sabbath of the week of Passover.
It can only be fifty days if the first Sabbath day
is a weekly Sabbath. If this Sabbath refers to
the Holyday Sabbath it might be slightly more or
less than fifty days.
Each Sabbath after the Passover is to be counted and
observed. Hebrew families might have a special
meal at the end of each Sabbath as a way to count
the seven Sabbaths. The Jews to this day call
this, "counting the Omer."
There are several offerings to be given during the
Feast of Weeks. It is these offerings that
will help identify what to do and how to celebrate
the Feast of Weeks. The offerings to be given
during the Feast of Weeks are as follows:
Two wave loafs (meal offerings/wave offerings) -
(Lev. 23:17, Lev. 23:20)
Seven lambs of the first year, one bullock, and
two rams for a burnt offering - (Lev. 23:18)
Each burnt offering will be offered with their
meal and drink offerings - (Lev. 23:18)
Three tenth deals of flour and half hin of
wine for bullock - (Num. 28:12, Num. 15:10)
Two tenth deals of flour and third hin of
wine for a ram - (Num. 28:12, Num. 15:7)
One tenth deals of flour and fourth hin of
wine for a lamb - (Num. 28:12, Num. 15:5)
Each of these were mingled with oil - (Num.
One kid of the goats for a sin offering - (Lev.
Two lambs of the first year for a peace offering
- (Lev. 23:19)
A freewill offering of your labor - (Deut.
understand the meaning of the Feast of Weeks we must
first understand the purpose of each of these
offerings. Each offering listed in Leviticus
23 was given by the entire nation. A total of
thirteen animals were offered by the nation (9
lambs, 2 rams, 1 bullock, 1 goat) with their
appropriate grain and drink offerings.
The burnt offering is a voluntary offering made
where the entire animal is consumed on the burnt
alter. This offering signifies complete
devotion to God. As a nation it was offered
every morning and evening for the same reason.
The nation of Israel was to be completely devoted to
the LORD. The sin offering was offered for the
forgiveness of specific sins (Lev. 4:3, 13, 22, 27). The peace
offering was offered as way to eat of your animals
(Lev. 3: 1, 17).
This was how animal meat was made ready to eat.
These were all provided by the nation for a feast.
Today, the nation should offer these offerings to
the LORD. According to Deuteronomy 12, when,
"God shall enlarge [our] border" and we
shall "eat flesh, because [our] soul longeth to
eat flesh", and "the place which the LORD
thy God hath chosen to put his name there be too far
from thee", then we "shalt kill of thy herd
and of thy flock, . . . and thou shalt eat in thy
gates whatsoever thy soul lusteth after" (Deut.
12:20-21). Even though there is no Temple in
Israel today, we can still eat of this feast within
our home towns and bring our own offerings to the
feast. We do not need a Temple to eat of the
The offering each individual was to offer was the
freewill offering. This offering is not
specifically named and was to come, "according
as the LORD thy God hath blessed thee" (Deut.
16:10). If you are blessed with plentiful
crops you would bring of your crops as a grain/meal
offering. If you were blessed with vineyards
you would bring of your vineyard a drink offering.
If you were blessed in animals you would bring of
your herds or flocks a peace offering of meat.
All this was to be brought to the feast as a way to
share with the LORD and your brethren. This
was the purpose of the second tithe (Deut.
14:22-23). This is
what we would call today a potluck. On the
Feast of Weeks each member is to bring as they are
blessed of the LORD to share in a great feast of
celebration. The nation was to provide
specific offerings, some for the LORD only (burnt
offerings) and others for the people (meal, drink,
and peace offerings). Each individual was to
bring of their own offering as a way to share in the
feast. For more on the offerings please watch
my video called
Shadow of things to come:
Each Feast of the LORD is a "shadow of things to
come" (Col. 2:16-17). These feasts
foretell the plan of God for this world. The
Messiah is our Passover Lamb (1 Cor. 5:7-8).
The Passover foretells of the sacrifice the Messiah
would make for the forgiveness of our sins.
The Messiah rose again on the Feast of First Fruits.
This signifies that the Messiah was the first fruits
of man for those that please God (Lev.
23:9-11, 1 Cor. 15:20, 23). Exactly fifty days
later, on the Feast of Weeks (Pentecost), the
Messiah sent His Holy Spirit to the church. On
this day 3,000 people were added to the church and more
continued daily (Acts 2:47). This represents
the ingathering, or first fruits, of the Messiah.
The Feast of Weeks is a feast to celebrate the first
fruits of our wheat harvest. It is here where each
Israelite brings of their first fruits to the LORD.
We are presented to God as a "new man" (2
Cor. 5:17, Eph. 4:24, Col. 3:10), which is us as a
first fruit offering to God.
is also believed that Moses received the Law on Mt.
Sinai on the day of this feast. We know that
Israel arrived at Mt. Sinae in the third month (Ex.
19:1). It is in the third month that the Feast
of Weeks is celebrated. This is the
day the Jews celebrate in commemoration of the
giving of the Law to Moses. It is telling to
see that the same day celebrates the giving of the
Law and the giving of the Spirit. After all,
the purpose of the Holy Spirit is to, "guide
[us] into all truth" (John 16:13), which is the
word of God (John 17:17). When we "walk in
the Spirit" we will "not fulfil the lust of
the flesh" (Gal 5:16) because the spirit helps
us to, "walk in [Gods] statutes, and ye shall
keep [His] judgments, and do them" (Eze.
36:26-27). A celebration of the giving of the
Law and the Holy Spirit are really one and the same.
The Holy Spirit is God's way of helping us do what
we cannot do, obey God and keep His commandments.
The Feast of Weeks pictures the future resurrection
of believers. The Messiah is the first fruits
(1 Cor. 15:20). During the Feast of Unleavened
Bread was a First Fruits offering (Lev. 23:10-11).
This was an unleavened offering waved before the
LORD. This pictures the resurrection of the
Messiah (1 Cor. 15:20). The Feast of Weeks is
also called first fruits (Lev. 23:20) and has a
leavened bread offering waved before the LORD (Lev.
23:17). Remember, leaven is a picture of sin
(1 Cor. 5:6-8). The Messiah is the first
fruits resurrection and His believers are the
leavened first fruits resurrection. The Feast
of First Fruits pictures the Messiah's resurrection
while the Feast of Weeks pictures the resurrection
of believers. Throughout the sciptures
believers are pictured as wheat (Matt. 3:12, 13:25,
30, Luke 3:17). We are the leavened bread
harvested at the second coming of the Messiah.
There will be a future Feast of Weeks that will be
significant in God's plan. All of God's Holy
Days come in three's. The Feast of Weeks is no
different. On this feast God gave His Law to
Israel. The Law of God is designed to change
us, but it did not. On Pentecost, which is the
Feast of Weeks, God gave His Holy Spirit to the
church. The Hoy Spirit changed us, but only
half way. We still have our sin nature (2 Cor.
5:17, Rom. 7:21-23). In the future, on another
Feast of Weeks, God will resurrect all those who
belong to Him. At this resurrection we will
receive our new bodies and we will be changed (1
Cor. 15:42-44). This time it is forever.
The Feast of Weeks is a great celebration of how God
provides for His people. It was the day
God gave His Law to Israel, it foretold the future plan of God with the church,
and it foretells the future resurrection of
believers. It is a giant potluck of
food, fun, and celebration.
is a day to be celebrated with great joy (Deut.
16:11-12). Why the church today refuses to
celebrate such a great occasion is beyond me.
After all, the Feast of Weeks (Pentecost) is the day
the church began. It is the day we received
the Holy Spirit. It represents us being
accepted by God and the church going out to the
world to reap the harvest. Why we choose to
celebrate Christmas and Easter instead of the Feasts
of the LORD is hard to understand. I contend
that the church should repent and turn back to
worshiping the LORD the way He said we should,
instead of demanding to worship Him our way.